Healthcare innovation

The Burden of Hypertension and Prehypertension in…

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The Burden of Hypertension and Prehypertension in…


Background Hypertension (HTN) is endemic in India and it is considered a public health challenge in both economically developed and developing nations. Unfortunately, despite its high prevalence, its awareness, treatment, and control status are low in urban as well as rural Indian populations. Objectives To determine the burden of hypertension and prehypertension in a Community Health Center (CHC) and to find the association of hypertension with the age group and sex of study subjects. Methodology A cross-sectional study was carried out among 713 patients of age 20 years and above attending the Out Patient Department (OPD) of the Community Health Centre (CHC), Barwala in the Hisar district of Haryana. JNC 7 classification of blood pressure was used to diagnose hypertension. The collected data was analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0. Appropriate statistical tests were used. Result Out of the total patients enrolled, 200 (28.1%) were found to be hypertensives. The burden of prehypertension was further observed to be 28.1%. About (61.6%) of OPD patients were female. Among hypertensive patients, nearly half (48.8%) were in the age group of 60-80 years whereas the majority of the hypertensives (56%) were females. Conclusion In our study, more than 50 percent of OPD patients were found to have hypertension and pre-hypertension. Health-seeking behavior was more among females.

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